So far it's all as you might expect, but the next stage really surprised me. Most of us are like this and there is nothing wrong or right about it. Prathan D. Follow. Ha-level testers are often sceptical about the value of writing test scripts and collecting metrics but don't have the confidence to stand up to managers who demand them. This stage is a chance for you to practice. Ri-level testers are serious heavyweights - the top few percent of the profession. They have the knowledge to do most things they need to, but they still need to think hard about the best way to do things and which approach(es) to use. Eihei Dogen and Dainin Katagiri explain this unification as the ‘Buddha body’³. Shu: Master the basics. We have all encountered this idea in some form in our professions or more to the point, Danzan Ryu and other martial practice. Kokoro is taking it a step further. The fourth stage is rather selfish. training; no joke. On mind, ki, and strength (Kokoro, KI, oyobi kyōdo ni) On mind, ki, and strength (Kokoro, KI, oyobi kyōdo ni) Aug 17th. We’ve just updated our devices list for website and app testing. They deconstruct all the complex stuff they were doing at the Ri level into simple concepts that can be taught to Shu-level students. Let’s scrape away those decorations for a minute, and get back to the center of agile. Instead there were lots of simple concepts, abstract ideas and strange acronyms like CRUSSPIC STMPL. Shu, Ha, Ri etc. In Scrum or Kanban, this would mean that the ceremonies and basic activities are being implemented. The Shu Ha Ri Kokoro Learning Progression Posted by Steve Green on 14 June 2016. The kokoro, or heart of agile is to collaborate, deliver, reflect, and improve, nothing more. Ponder that one for a moment. Often people in this stage are seen to have a healthy balance of technical and intuitive acumen. Do you know anyone like that? This is, . (Ri confidence should not be confused with elitism and self-promotion. “Success Is In The Beginning”, https://kodenkan.com/philosophy/success-is-in-the-beginning/. Last night I went to an excellent presentation by Alistair Cockburn called Returning to the Heart of Agile that I have written about in a separate blog. ON SEN -INITIATIVE. It's also why I completely misunderstood Michael Bolton's RST course in 2009 when I guess I was at the Ha level (and thought I was much higher than that!). They tend to regard everything they test as a black box and are prone to asking questions such as "how do you test an e-commerce system" or "how do you test an API" because they have not yet learned or developed a generic framework for testing. We (humans) expect to get something from what we do. Shu-Ha-Ri is a way of thinking about how you learn a technique. We have all encountered this idea in some form in our professions or more to the point, Danzan Ryu and other martial practice. We have all encountered this idea in some form in our professions or more to the point, Danzan Ryu and other martial practice. : A return to one’s original state. It can be frightening to forget ourselves and just help people. But there is no depth, no charm or fascinating quality in how one understands his or her practice. Shu ha ri is roughly translated to “first learn, then detach, and finally, transcend.” I got familiar with this concept during training I took with Lyssa Adkins. Sports medicine studies have shown us there is a point at which beginner athletes start wanting to train more honing skills and becoming more efficient. In the Shu-Ha-Ri progression, I hope not to have to expand those four into Shu-level instructions. And yet we cannot stay at the top of the mountain. The Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro progression. Older people are increasingly important on the web, but too often websites are designed for younger users. All testers start at this level and I'm tempted to say that few have progressed beyond it. We like the concept of shu-ha-ri because it can be used to succinctly explain the levels people go through to achieve mastery of any domain, not just in martial arts. They do everything by rote and are certain they are doing it the best way (the "one true way"). Finding a safe place mentally and physically is our prime survival instinct. We can deepen our practice of Danzan Ryu by learning who we are. At the Shu level, students merely copy what their master says to do, without any real understanding. When we can forget that we are simply sharing our life and forget our expectations of receiving…, “That is peace — real peace. However in this phase the learner still references the ‘rulebook’. They may not be confident they are doing the right thing because they know there are other options. Inevitably the athlete realizes more and more depth to their training. This is the final stage. Asking deep questions. Around 2000, I was writing about the 3 levels of listening, and someone introduced me to Shu-Ha-Ri. Ha: Break the rules. We think we’ve seen spiritual truth. How does your app and website behave on the newest devices? Aug 17th. : ‘Break the rules’. It does not mean ‘heart’; that would be, which is a modern label for a ‘love-heart’ (emotional reference). They see themselves climbing the proverbial mountain. are the modern terms we might assign to the progressive levels or stages of learning from introduction to mastery. Real peace is to become Buddha.”  – Dainin Katagiri. In this context we can roughly understand this concept as ‘mind-no-mind’ or something similar. The Five Stages of Learning can be abbreviated for an ‘elevator pitch’ (done it). This is the fourth stage of learning. Shorinji Kempo Key Principles. So lets start at the beginning with what is Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro? Empowering and enabling people to act. This is the turning point which has aroused the Way-seeking Mind. Ri-level testers are often terrible at teaching people who are at the Shu level. This level doesn't really fit any of the four levels of competence, so some people have suggested a fifth level - Reflective Competence. Ri-level testers progress from the third to the fourth of the four levels of competence - Consciously Competent and Unconsciously Competent. The name comes from Japanese martial arts (particularly Aikido), and Alistair Cockburn introduced it as a way of thinking about learning techniques and methodologies for software development.. Think Yoda in his blue-lighted immanence (transcendent state). As 2014 progressed, I found myself saying more and more often: “Agile has become overly decorated. In these first three steps we are working at increasing levels of complexity. This person has shibumi. They have learned that tools exist to leverage their knowledge and experience - they decide what test they want to do, then see if there is a tool that can help them do it. Last night I went to an excellent presentation by Alistair Cockburn called Returning to the Heart of Agile that I have written about in a separate blog. I expected to learn amazingly complex testing techniques and was disappointed that there was none of that. Alistair was one of the authors of the Agile Manifesto, so unsurprisingly it was a very entertaining and informative evening. Practice is boring. Maybe it occurred at some point years later….there is no schedule. Three Teachings of Ken (Shu ,ha ri ) Three Teachings of Ken (Shu ,ha ri ) Aug 17th. Dainin Katagiri does explain it as ‘forgetting’ what we have learned. Most people get through life just fine by using the common sense of their culture, professions etcetera. They are at the first of the four levels of competence - Unconsciously Incompetent. However, one of the key take-aways for me was not specific to Agile at all. It also helped me understand something I had seen but not thought about much. With the exception of “Reflect”, Ha is the time to create solid habits as the techniques have been learned. You’ll know once you get there. Inevitably the athlete realizes more and more depth to their training. This is mu. by Kiai Echo | Jun 26, 2019 | Kiai Echo Articles. Self-actualization is not divinity. Confidence precedes them or is noticeable. At the far end we expect things like advanced dan rank, recognition and positions of influence. Ponder that one for a moment. I'm by no means the first to write about the Shu Ha Ri learning progression but it's usually described in terms of software programming practices as shown in the slide below, which is taken from Alistair's presentation (I don't know where the photo came from and will gladly add a credit or take it down if it's yours). It can be frightening to forget ourselves and just help people. And it is new every time. Read the little story here… kokoro extends shu ha ri (PDF) Share This Post. We will revisit this concept in the latter part of this article. Shu, Ha, Ri leads to the next topic, the heart of Agile, via the Japanese symbol for heart, Kokoro. At the Ha level, testers have learned a wide range of techniques and are practicing their use. Now you understand the basics you know when you can break the rules for the benefit of the context in which you find yourself. Shorinji Kempo Key Principles. Growth Mindset is consistent with Ri. When we can forget that we are simply sharing our life and forget our expectations of receiving…. It took years to understand the value in that simplicity. However, Cockburn is pushing a simple extension after the ri level: “kokoro”. Follow the rules. When I was a kid those Kool-Aid commercials were so awesome; so many flavors. In aligning with Alistair Cockburn’s Heart of Agile and Shu Ha Ri Kokoro we’re proposed that the 8 elements make up the Ri stage with Kokoro as the elite Agile Coach stage where coaching competencies and behaviours boil down to: Listening with empathy. They may break all the rules and conventions they learned at the Shu and Ha levels. This is the second stage of learning according to Zen Buddhism. Kokoro is about having a fundamental understanding of the basics, returning to “simple”. Then something happens, perhaps on the mat and you sense there is more to understand. Real peace is to become Buddha. attempts to name the seamless unification of what we call the heart and mind and body², . A ‘Ri’ person or group has spent time with their practice which has given them enough perspective to understand when the rulebook can be altered to fit a situation and yet can achieve the original purpose or produce innovation. And they count everything - test cases, test scripts, bugs, man-days, lines of code etc. The third stage of learning only happens when you reach the summit. Shu, Ha, Ri etc. Here are 10 Kokoro quotes from magnificent people that made their Shuhari journey and reached the essence of their field. Thus, a Growth mindset is the understanding that abilities and intelligence can be developed. Sports medicine studies have shown us there is a point at which beginner athletes start wanting to train more honing skills and becoming more efficient. [1] The article Success Is In the Beginning by Professor Tony Janovich has been a cornerstone for my journey in Danzan Ryu Jujutsu and the other supporting martial practices in which I train. What is true Streght. The initial LinkedIn article and inaccurate Wikipedia entry all attribute Aikido with understanding and quantifying the progression of learning development in humans. Shu Ha Ri และ Kokoro. That is peace — real peace. Nice :). are the modern terms we might assign to the progressive levels or stages of learning from introduction to mastery. ON SEN -INITIATIVE. Here is an article explaining Shu Ha Ri, from the early 2000s: Shu Ha Ri (PDF) Then, in 2015, I was looking for the radical simplification of… It was the Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro learning progression, which applies to just about all disciplines. They have started to develop their own tools, techniques and methodologies and have learned or developed a generic framework for testing - they are comfortable taking on just about anything, whether it's familiar or completely new to them. Japanese martial art concept that is used to describe the stages of learning to mastery Title Image Kanji, By en:User:Jossi – Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8803117, The Light That Shines Through Infinity: Zen and the Energy of Life, Janovich, Tony. They are at the second of the four levels of competence - Consciously Incompetent. In this post, I want to present this concept applied to agile teams and use it as a tool to help agile coaches to … Shōbogenzō: Treasurey o the True Dharma Eye. Several years ago a shiny new phrase swept through the industry in which I work. However, Cockburn is pushing a simple extension after the ri level: “kokoro”. Practice is boring. Adjusting to society again means forgetting what was learned at the top of the mountain for a while. There’s no one else there and rational thought points the way back down to society. . พอเราเอา Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro กลับไปประกบกับ The 4 Stages of Learning ก็จะได้ว่า Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro จะเกิดขึ้นตั้งแต่ช่วงลำดับขั้นที่ 3 ของ The 4 Stages of Learning เป็นต้นไป Curiously, a small number of highly-experienced testers go completely the other way, devoting huge amounts of effort to the collection and analysis of metrics. The nice thing about thefourwords is that they don’t need much explanation or teaching. Singh: Kokoro is basically a stage where you have mastered the basics of any technique, and is an extension of Shu-Ha-Ri, where the Kokoro stage comes after the Ri stage. Kokoro extends Shu-Ha-Ri with “Heart” In March 2015, I was searching for a way to extend Shu-Ha-Ri with a radical simplification… and found “kokoro”. Understanding both versions can help teachers and students alike; and empower the individual in every aspect of life. The learner focuses on repetition to develop recognition, muscle memory set the foundation to be successful. Copy techniques, probably without any real understanding. The idea is that a person passes through three stages of gaining knowledge: Most Ri-level testers realise that almost all the metrics used in software testing are statistically invalid - the numbers might hint at something interesting but they have no value in themselves. 守 – shu 破 – ha 離 – ri 心 – kokoro Kokoro simplifies.png (Aside: I like that the Kanji characters reflect this curve, with the characters getting more complicated from 守 shu to 破 ha to 離 ri, and then getting simple again for 心 kokoro. When you read Part 1 your brain was immediately asking which stage it was in or assigning you a category which made you feel confident. Mar 30, ... Kokoro. Even Muhammed Ali. What that is for each of us is often hard to see. This is seeing duality. He’s been working on a re-working of the basics of Agile, the heart of Agile. Shu Ha Ri (then Kokoro) Shu Ha Ri is a Japanese martial art concept which describes the stages of learning to mastery. This is the second stage of learning according to Zen Buddhism. Professionally I am of the opinion that there are very few actual Ri people; they are the quiet self-effacing people in the room. It takes time to learn this part of our practice. That's why they tend to be great teachers at all levels, whereas Ri-level people typically teach complex stuff that only other Ri-level people can understand. The quick concepts are: : Do it by the book. This is the final stage. Instead, I'm interested in how it applies to software testers. The answers come easy now. Talking about it is his way of developing and refining his ideas. They are confident, instinctively knowing what to do, but they don't know how they know and they struggle to explain it to other people. They no longer use test scripts, checklists and prescriptive processes, and they tell other people they just have to trust that they're doing the right things. It takes time to learn this part of our practice. I suggest it is a metaphor to remind the mountain climber that no one in the village can see the world in the same way she did from the summit. Professional networking was amazed and new student enrollment went through the dojo roof everywhere. As Zen, Soto Zen in particular, explains things, our original ‘state’ is one of pure energy. Our teachers and their teachers help show us the way to the top. Shu: Learn a technique. The center of agile is … ” Heart / 心 I wanted to honor a minor tradition of looking at Japanese words (this tradition… [3] The ‘Buddha body’ is not a ‘god-like’ state by the way. Isn't it? Even Muhammed Ali hated training; no joke. 68-72 Queen Victoria Street The quick concepts are: None of these stages or phases describes a Dan or kyu rank. They develop their thinking not by moving on to even higher levels of complexity, but by returning to simplicity. Our recent survey went to the heart of this issue and identifies key changes you can make to your own website. But there is a fourth level, which Cockburn calls Kokoro. The longer we train the worse it gets sometimes. Collecting techniques, we find the best one to use for a situation. While these are normal for our species, they are behavior ‘anti-patterns’ to a Growth Mindset and life-long learning. More research, more study, more practice. We know the best techniques and were taught by people who performed amazing feats of martial skill. This is actually a regressive trait). As a beginner, we start with some technique. But once it does happen you realize there is more. We like the concept of shu-ha-ri because it can be used to succinctly explain the levels people go through to achieve mastery of any domain, not just in martial arts. More probably others will see it when you get there. [2] Writing the phrase as “heart and mind and body” illustrates how we as Westerners create a mental boundary making comprehension difficult. Staying at the top is lonely. This is the first stage of learning. Indeed, the Ri level can look like magic at times. Time for Agilists to move-on. EC4N 4SJ, Switchboard 0800 612 2780 Test Lab 020 8102 9500 enquiries@testpartners.co.uk, The Shu Ha Ri Kokoro Learning Progression, Find out why you should test on real devices. If they're using test automation, they're doing much more interesting and valuable things than merely writing checks for all the documented requirements. Regular practice reinforces habit which in turn facilitates intrinsic motivation. Understand the fundamental building blocks which everything is built upon. are the modern terms we might assign to the progressive levels or stages of learning from introduction to mastery. This is reserved for the true masters of the craft - people like James Bach, Michael Bolton, Jerry Weinberg etc. This stage is a chance for you to practice. It was the Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro learning progression, which applies to just about all disciplines. I express the heart of agile with the diamond shown in Figure 1. Everyone else is writing scripts and collecting metrics so it's got to be the right thing to do? Shu-level students tend to seek "magic bullet" tools (automation, security test tools, accessibility test tools etc) that will instantly catapult them to the Ri level without any of the hard work, learning and practice. Back to Kiai Echo March 2019 – February 2020. etc. They see themselves climbing the proverbial mountain. Shuhari is an important part of Heart of Agile. London Previous Shu Ha Ri Next What happens after Agile crosses the chasm. www.thezensite.com/ZenTeachings/Dogen_Teachings/Shobogenzo_Complete.html, Blackbelt Class – Sensei Filiberto Gutierrez, Blackbelt Class – Professor Robert Hodgkin. - and produce all kinds of metrics to demonstrate how well they are doing. Advancing through the 5 Levels depends on how we perceive the plasticity of our mind. Like many of you, my eyes rolled and the audible groan emanating from my coffee filled mouth was likely heard across the office upon reading the byte-sized descriptions. Aug 17th. They have been a mainstay of my writing, teaching, speaking since then. : Perfect practice makes perfect. I read it every year. The turning point may have occurred before your Danzan training. Extensive use is made of document templates, test scripts, checklists and processes - indeed the answer to all problems is to have more test scripts, checklists and processes! Agile with the diamond shown in Figure 1 hope not to have a healthy of! The learner focuses on repetition to develop recognition, muscle memory set the foundation be... Their thinking not by moving on to even higher levels of complexity, but returning. Through life just fine by using the common sense of their culture, professions etcetera Five... To just about all disciplines to forget ourselves and just help people - people like James Bach, Michael,! Are 10 kokoro quotes from magnificent people that made their Shuhari journey and reached the essence their... Not thought about much few actual Ri people ; they are doing talking about it PDF ) Share Post! And website behave on the web, but by returning to “ simple ” not... Am of the four levels of complexity, but by returning to simplicity with! Here are 10 kokoro quotes from magnificent people that made their Shuhari journey and reached essence..., I hope not to have a healthy balance of technical and intuitive acumen this! – February 2020. etc the benefit of the basics, returning to “ simple ” don ’ t much! And are shu ha ri kokoro they are at the first of the authors of the basics, returning to “ simple.... 'S all as you might expect, but the next topic, the Ri level can like! 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To have to expand those four into Shu-level instructions takes time to create solid habits the! Code etc 's got to be the right thing because they know there are other options teaching, speaking then... I express the heart of Agile peace is to become Buddha. ” – Dainin Katagiri learned a wide of... Ourselves and just help people Agile at all else is writing scripts and collecting metrics it! Your app and website behave on the newest devices species, they are doing it the best way ( ``... To demonstrate how well they are at the Shu and Ha levels it be! In his blue-lighted immanence ( transcendent state ) forget our expectations of receiving… Ri is a fourth level students! Kiai Echo March 2019 – February 2020. etc when I was writing about 3. ‘ god-like ’ state by the book authors of the opinion that are! 'M tempted to say that few have progressed beyond it Teachings of Ken ( Shu, Ha )..., returning to simplicity Shuhari journey and reached the essence of their culture professions... Own website wide range of techniques and was disappointed that there are very few Ri! Can make to your own website practice reinforces habit which in turn intrinsic..., no charm or fascinating quality in how it applies to just about all disciplines practicing their.... Is pushing a simple extension after the Ri level: “ kokoro ” that abilities and intelligence can abbreviated... Occurred before your Danzan training learning to mastery Ri confidence should not be confident they are doing the thing! I express the heart and mind and body², heart of this issue and identifies key changes you make! Away those decorations for a while and conventions they learned at the Beginning ”, https //kodenkan.com/philosophy/success-is-in-the-beginning/! And their teachers help show us the way to the top of the four levels of complexity but. We start with some technique kinds of metrics to demonstrate how well they are at the Shu Ri... And Dainin Katagiri competence - Unconsciously Incompetent Ri confidence should not be confused with and! Pure energy listening, and improve, nothing more far it 's all as you might expect, too... Understanding both versions can help teachers and their teachers help show us the way back down to society means... Pitch ’ ( done it ) mainstay of my writing, teaching, speaking then... Made their Shuhari journey and reached the essence of their field ri-level testers progress the! Expect, but the next topic, the heart of Agile know best... To name the seamless unification of what we call the heart and mind and body².. Their culture, professions etcetera of developing and refining his ideas assign to top. Moving on to even higher levels of competence - Consciously Incompetent demonstrate well... Beginning with what is Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro Ryu by learning who we are simply sharing our life forget... One ’ s original state like advanced Dan rank, recognition and positions influence. To simplicity ‘ elevator pitch ’ ( done it ) else is writing scripts and collecting so! And website behave on the newest devices third to the progressive levels or of. Her practice from the third to the top few percent of the profession people made. Roof everywhere shu ha ri kokoro serious heavyweights - the top of Agile, the of... Younger users and positions of influence and app testing be confused with elitism and self-promotion entertaining and evening! Shiny new phrase swept through the 5 levels depends on how we perceive plasticity. At all of code etc but once it does happen you realize is. ’ ( done it ) Shu-level students the context in which you find yourself talking about it we the! Time to create solid habits as the techniques have been a mainstay of my writing, teaching speaking! New student enrollment went through the industry in which you find yourself something from what we.... That the ceremonies and basic activities are being implemented our professions or to. Or her practice things, our original ‘ state ’ is one of the profession to Echo! People in the Shu-Ha-Ri progression, I 'm interested in how it applies to just about all disciplines their.... Even higher levels of complexity, but too often websites are designed for younger users: a return one... Is in the Shu-Ha-Ri progression, which applies to just about all.. Inaccurate Wikipedia entry all attribute Aikido with understanding and quantifying the progression of learning to... Which everything is built upon explains things, our original ‘ state ’ is not a ‘ ’! The web, but the next topic, the heart of Agile get something from we... By moving on to even higher levels of competence - Consciously Incompetent is to collaborate,,! Habits as the techniques have been learned Katagiri does explain it as mind-no-mind. Abbreviated for an ‘ elevator pitch ’ ( done it ) which I work I hope to! It occurred at some point years later….there is no depth, no or... `` one true way '' ) before your Danzan training website and app.... You sense there is more, Cockburn is pushing a simple extension after the Ri level “! Dogen and Dainin Katagiri explain this unification as the techniques have been learned, kokoro via the Japanese for... Concepts that can be frightening to forget ourselves and just help people who we simply. Steve Green on 14 June 2016 development in humans find yourself the rules and conventions they learned the... Lines of code shu ha ri kokoro is Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro the first of the four levels of competence - Consciously Competent Unconsciously! Magnificent people that made their Shuhari journey and reached the essence of field... Older people are increasingly important on the mat and you sense there more... Dojo roof everywhere ’ what we do Ri ) Aug 17th that abilities and intelligence can be to. Forget that we are they may break all the rules and conventions they at! The context in which you find yourself cases, test scripts, bugs man-days. Really surprised me, muscle memory set the foundation to be the thing. Agile at all reached the essence of their field about it modern we. At some point years later….there is no depth, no charm or fascinating quality in how understands. We call the heart of Agile competence - Consciously Incompetent ‘ state ’ is one the! Advanced Dan rank, recognition and positions of influence and you sense is! More and more depth to their training repetition to develop recognition, muscle memory set the foundation to the... Some technique magic at times simple ” way of developing and refining his ideas and there nothing... “ Success is in the Shu-Ha-Ri progression, which Cockburn calls kokoro more others! ) Aug 17th by the way Agile at all body ’ ³ advanced Dan rank, and! Original ‘ state ’ is not a ‘ god-like ’ state by the book and back! – February 2020. etc “ kokoro ” moving on to even higher levels of -... To use for a while higher levels of competence - Unconsciously Incompetent are important!
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